Travel to Persia?
Find out more about Iran's culture, attractions, environment, economy, ....
- NATIONAL ANTHEM (Ey Iran)
Name: Iran (Persia)
Region: Middle East
Area: 1,648,000 square kilometers (636,300 square miles)
Size Comparison: More than three and a half times larger than Iraq
Iran is dominated by a central
plateau, which is about 1,220 meters (4,003 feet) high and is almost
entirely surrounded by mountain chains. In the north, paralleling the
southern shore of the Caspian Sea, are the Elburz Mountains. The highest
peak in Iran, Mount Damavand (5,670 meters/18,602 feet), is part of this
Iran is divided
climatically into three main regions: the extremely hot coast along the
Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; the temperate but arid central highland;
and the tableland of the intensely cold Elburz Mountains. The annual average
precipitation for the country is about 305 millimeters (12 inches). The
desert regions receive only about 125 millimeters (5 inches) per year,
however, and the plain along the Caspian Sea gets about 1,270 millimeters
Iran’s oil-dominated economy is able to provide good levels of basic services such as sanitation and safe water, but pressure has increased on water quality, forests, and other resources. Water pollution from oil spills and the Gulf War (1991) is a particular problem in the Persian Gulf. Air pollution is caused by refinery operations, vehicle emissions, and industrial effluents. National parks cover almost 5 per cent of the country to protect quite significant biodiversity resources.
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